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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Dental Services

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery



A tooth extraction is a dental procedure during which your tooth is completely removed from its socket. Informally referred to as ‘tooth pulling’. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease, tooth infection or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with toothache. In some cases, a dentist will remove a tooth to make space for dental prosthetics or braces.

Before extracting a tooth, the surgeon will take an X-ray of the person’s tooth which will help them evaluate the curvature and angle of the tooth’s root. The dentist would deliver local anesthetic to ensure the tooth and surrounding tissues are numb before they start the extraction.

Disimpaction of Wisdom Teeth

The wisdom teeth or the third molars are the last set of teeth that grow in the upper and lower jaw. They usually erupt (break through your gums) between the ages of 17 and 25. Sometimes, wisdom teeth erupt in alignment with your other teeth and don’t cause any problems. Sometimes they may never develop. Other times, they become either partially or fully trapped in your gums or jawbone (don’t have enough room to erupt into the mouth). This is referred to as Impaction.

Disimpaction (Impacted wisdom tooth extraction) is a surgical procedure to remove one or more wisdom teeth. Wisdom tooth extraction may be done by a general dentist or an oral surgeon. To prevent potential future problems, some dentists and oral surgeons recommend impacted wisdom tooth extraction even if they aren’t currently causing problems..

Dental Trauma (Fractures etc.)

Dental Trauma (Fractures etc.)

Traumatic dental injuries (TDI) or tooth trauma has a global prevalence of 10-15%. These can occur alone or associated with facial or bodily injuries. The age of 2-3 years is the period of acquisition of walking skills with lesser control on motor coordination which makes these children more vulnerable to falls and injury to front teeth. The higher incidence of trauma to permanent teeth in boys is related to their increased indulgence in contact sports and adventure activities.

There have been multiple causes of dental trauma: falls, sports injuries, fights, road traffic accidents, animal injuries etc. Proclined upper front teeth and problems related to abnormality in gait or motor coordination makes children more susceptible to dental trauma. Since most of injuries occur in playgrounds, parents, schoolteachers, and common people must be made aware of emergency measures to be taken in the event of a dental trauma.

The associated facial injuries like fractures of the jaw or adjacent facial bones, tears and cuts in the soft tissues etc. are taken care of by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

Oral Cancers

Oral cancer (mouth cancer) is the broad term for cancer that affects the inside of your mouth. Mouth cancer can occur on the Lips, Gums, Tongue, Inner lining of the cheeks, Roof of the mouth, Floor of the mouth (under the tongue). A lip or mouth sore that doesn’t heal, a white or reddish patch on the inside of your mouth, Loose teeth, A growth or lump inside your mouth, Mouth pain, Ear pain, Difficult or painful swallowing are some of the symptoms of oral cancer.

Oral cancer can look like a common problem with your lips or in your mouth, like white patches or sores that bleed. The difference between a common problem and potential cancer is these changes don’t go away. Oral cancer most often occurs in people over the age of 40 and affects more than twice as many men as women. Most oral cancers are related to tobacco use, alcohol use (or both), or infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV).