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Orthodontic Braces

Dental Services

Orthodontic Braces

Orthodontic braces are dental devices used to straighten and align teeth, correct bite issues, and improve overall oral health. Braces apply continuous pressure to teeth, gradually moving them into the desired position. They consist of various components, each playing a specific role in the orthodontic treatment process. Here are key aspects of orthodontic braces:

  • Components of Braces:

    • Brackets: These are small, square-shaped attachments that are bonded to the front surface of each tooth. Brackets serve as anchors for the other components of the braces.


      • Bands: Metal bands are placed around the back molars to anchor the braces. They are usually used in the back of the mouth.
      • Archwire: The archwire is a thin metal wire that connects each bracket and provides the force needed to move the teeth into alignment.
      • Elastics or Rubber Bands: Elastics are used to apply additional force to specific teeth or jaws, aiding in the correction of bite issues.
      • Ligatures: These are small rubber bands or wires used to hold the archwire onto the brackets. Ligatures can be colored for a personalized appearance.
      • Spacers or Separators: These are small elastic bands or metal rings that are placed between the molars to create space for the placement of bands.
    • Types of Braces:

      • Traditional Metal Braces: These are the most common type of braces, made of high-grade stainless steel. They are known for their durability and effectiveness.
      • Ceramic Braces: These braces use tooth-colored or clear brackets, making them less noticeable than traditional metal braces. The archwire can also be tooth-colored for a more aesthetic appearance.
      • Lingual Braces: Placed on the back (lingual) surface of the teeth, lingual braces are hidden from view. They are custom-made for each patient and can effectively treat various orthodontic issues.
      • Invisible Aligners: Clear aligners, such as those offered by companies like Invisalign, are a series of custom-made, removable trays that gradually move teeth into alignment. They are nearly invisible and offer more flexibility than traditional braces.
    • Orthodontic Treatment Process:

      • Consultation and Examination: The orthodontic treatment process begins with a consultation, during which the orthodontist examines the patient’s teeth, takes X-rays, and discusses treatment options.
      • Treatment Plan: A personalized treatment plan is created based on the examination results, and the type of braces to be used is determined.
      • Braces Placement: The braces are attached to the teeth during a placement appointment. This involves bonding the brackets, attaching the archwire, and securing other components as needed.
      • Adjustments: Regular adjustment appointments are scheduled throughout the treatment period. Adjustments involve changing the archwire and making any necessary modifications to continue guiding the teeth into the desired position.
      • Removal of Braces: Once the teeth have reached the desired alignment, the braces are removed. A retainer may be prescribed to maintain the new tooth position.
    • Oral Care with Braces:

      • Hygiene Practices: Patients with braces need to pay extra attention to oral hygiene. Special brushes, floss threaders, and interdental brushes can help clean around brackets and wires.
      • Dietary Restrictions: Certain foods, such as sticky candies and hard nuts, should be avoided to prevent damage to the braces. Patients are also advised to limit sugary and acidic foods to maintain oral health.